Adaptation of first-graders to school
Your first day of school first graders are looking forward and very excited, because they begin a new “adult” life. For parents beginning of school life is also a serious challenge and a cause for concern: whether their child cope with new responsibilities? How quickly he adapts to school? Parents worry not in vain: how will adapt to the school, depends not only further the academic progress of the child, but his whole future life.
How to help baby smoothly and painless transition from carefree childhood to new learning activities? This topic is covered in this article.
What parents can do to adapt to the school is successful?
In this difficult period, parents must support their child. Almost all kids really want to go to school, want to grow up, I want to be like their elders. In other words, initially all first graders the motivation for learning is very high. But when you begin daily classes at school, the child faces the first difficulties: instead of carefree entertainment – education, focused on results, instead of dynamic games – long lessons, during which you have to sit quietly. Because of such difficulties, the motivation for learning is significantly reduced, and most importantly for parents – from the earliest days in school to help children to maintain interest in learning. The most difficult problem for all first graders to sit still. This is due to the age characteristics of the child’s body: a child of 6-7 years the brain is still forming, and keep the attention for a long time the baby is still very difficult. It is especially difficult to focus on my studies 6 years – that is why it is recommended to send your children to school in 7 years.
How to help your child cope with this problem?
Most importantly – in any case not to berate the kid for restlessness, or rather – not to berate him for anything associated with the school that he has not lost interest in their studies. The task for adults is to help the child to establish the educational process, to learn how to correctly and in sequence to execute the instructions of the teacher, sat down, opened the notebook, took a pen, wrote a number. Do not forget that even these simple steps for a child with new, unfamiliar.
Should parents help child with homework?
During homework must sit next to the child, especially the first time. But the task of adults is to help children to sit still and not do the homework for him. Sitting next to him try to keep his interest in learning, praise for achievements, and in any case, do not scold if he made a mistake. If the learning process is given to the child with difficulty or cannot do something, during homework time, you can as an incentive to put something delicious – Apple, tangerine. If while studying to pamper your baby his favorite foods, this will help him get more enjoyment out of cooking lessons. Be careful only to sweets did not leave stains on textbooks and notebooks.
Adaptation of first-graders at the school.
But we should not confuse promotion with punishment. You cannot tell the kids something like, “until the lessons do not go for a walk” or “make a mistake in your homework – don’t get a chocolate bar”. Such statements may discourage interest in learning, and the school and everything associated with it should not cause the child’s negative emotions.
Now, many children do not attend kindergarten, and being brought home. Does home education more quickly adapt to school life or, conversely, prevents?
Problems at school may be the “home” children, “kindergarten”, but, as a rule, they are different. According to statistics, the problems with adaptation to school among children who did not attend pre-school institutions, are much more common than those who went to kindergarten. The main problem for all first graders is entering a new team and change the habitual way of life, and for the “home” children, this problem is particularly acute. Because of insufficient experience of peer relations in children who were not attending preschool education institutions often lack communicative readiness for school: they lack the skills of joint actions with other children, ability to communicate in a group, to yield, to obey. But in addition to communication, the “home” children and there is a motivational problem. Due to the fact that these children had little contact with peers in the preschool period, at school they are often more interesting chat than to study. In this case, the task of parents is to guide the baby to school. If “home” the child is the only child in the family, this means that at preschool age, he talked more with adults than with their peers, so at school he tends to communicate more with the teacher than with classmates. This behavior prevents the entry of the team and hinders the process of adaptation.
What to do if first graders are experiencing difficulties in communicating with the teacher?
The figure of the teacher for the first grade is very important, especially at the beginning of school, so it is very important that the teacher from the very beginning like the kid. The authority of the teacher in the eyes of a first grader is very high, and to him the child trusts even more than the parents. This attitude is quite normal: it keeps the interest in the school. If children are afraid of the teacher, the origins of this fear need to look not just at school but in the family. This means that at preschool age kid has warned excessive fear of adults. You can not blame the child for this fear: support the baby, explain that the teacher does not wish him evil.
What else will help the child to adapt to school life?
First-graders need good nutrition and a strict regime of the day, then the child will not only be less tired and less sick and therefore less to miss classes at school. The kid must go to bed no later than 21.00, only then night stay will be really full. It is very important that the child walked daily on the street, because children this age is characterized by a great need for physical activity. Another very important point: the first graders are still little kids, so be sure to leave them a daily time for games.
A few tips for parents.
You should not expect from a first grader incredible progress or any sverhozhirenie from the first days of school. The main task in primary school is to teach the child to learn, in other words to teach directly to the learning process: how to better understand and remember new material, traveled to repeat how to sit behind a Desk how to use the book, how to perform the job. Elementary school should support the child’s desire to learn, with whom he came into first grade, and to instill interest in the acquisition of new knowledge in the future. The task of parents is to be patient and careful to support your baby during this difficult period and to show your love to him. Then in the future he will definitely delight you with their achievements in their studies.