The work of a social pedagogue with children from dysfunctional families in school as part of the prevention of the use of narcotic and psychoactive substances
E. A. Zanozin
Municipal budgetary educational institution “Secondary school №41. Vladimir Sizov”, Kursk
“. I kept picturing little kids play in the evening in a huge field in the rye. Thousands of kids, and all around — not a soul, not a single adult, except me. And I’m standing on the edge of a cliff over the abyss. And my job is keeping the kids, so they don’t fall off the cliff. So all my work…. To guard children catcher in the rye…”
The passage quoted from the book by J. Salinger’s “catcher in the rye” is very accurate, in my opinion, characterizes the work of the social teacher in the modern school. The complexity of modern social processes, their high dynamism often produce different kinds of deviations in the behavior of students. Increasingly in our society, there is a trend of dysfunctional families, originating in consequence of the disengagement of parents from the decision of issues of education and personal development of the child. Not always this kind of problems immediately catches Continue reading
Each person needs to acquire such habits that were his “friends” and not “enemies” to assist them to live and work, and not interfere in my life to not have to waste a lot of energy to deal with them.
This makes it clear that the task of teachers is to educate students good habits and the elimination of harmful. And to do it best in an earlier age, when the plasticity of the nervous system in children is still quite high. Child rearing is largely supposed to be the nurturing of good habits.
A. S. Makarenko wrote: “I admit that may be a point when the student will be correct, Soviet Patriotic views, but not brought up correctly by the Soviet habit. This is especially important when it comes to the upbringing of such qualities as patience, the ability to overcome a long period of difficulties, to take obstacles with a jerk, and pressure. No matter how much you created the right ideas about what to do, but if you don’t nurture habits to overcome a long period of difficulties, I have the right to say that nothing you have brought up. In short, I demand that the children’s lives was organized as the experience of raising a certain group of habits. ”
To develop habits need to repeat the action. But repetition Continue reading
“What would the child have anything he wants — just do not cry” — I think parents, inventing means to take a crying baby, so he didn’t disturb them to do their business. However, folk wisdom that gave birth to the proverb, in another: the child should not cry.
Crying is the only child a way to communicate with the outside world. This way the baby expresses its discomfort, the hunger, that he is bad. A healthy well-groomed the baby will not cry if eliminated all the probable cause of his discomfort.
These are the main causes of crying newborn:
the need for physical contact with the mother;
the hunger, the desire to take the breast, to satisfy the sucking reflex;
anxiety or fear (toddler could scare a sharp sound or bright light);
the feeling of fatigue, a desire to sleep ;
the need to empty the bowel or bladder;
malaise (intracranial pressure, hypertonia, hypotonia, irritability, early infectious or respiratory diseases, skin disease or rash, physiological phenomenon of the adaptation period abdominal pain, colic);
discomfort, uncomfortable position (baby can change position);
dissatisfaction with contact with the mother or the environment;
the desire to shake;
reaction to geomagnetic Continue reading